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  • It is a 12 digit individual identification number issued by UIDAI (Unique identification authority of India) on behalf of Government of India.
  • UIDAI is a statutory body and comes under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology; earlier UIDAI was established by UPA government in 2005 by executive resolution and then UIDAI was under planning commission.
  • It will serve as identity proof anywhere in India.
  • It is available in 2 forms, physical and electronic form i.e. (e-Aadhaar).
  • Any resident (a person who has resided in India for 182 days, in the one year preceding the date of application for enrollment for Aadhaar) of India irrespective of age, sex, class can avail it.
  • The UIDAI will authenticate the Aadhaar number of an individual, if an entity makes such a request.  A requesting entity (an agency or person that wants to authenticate information of a person) has to obtain the consent of an individual before collecting his information.
  • To get Aadhar an individual needs to provide
    • Biometric Data e.g. finger-print, iris-scan, photograph
    • Demographic Data e.g. name, parentage, address
  • Aadhar is not a proof of citizenship or domicile

Benefits of Aadhar

A. Individual:

  • Easy hassle free access to services (banking, LPG, phone number, etc).
  • Migrants: Provides identification to large number of migrant labors to avail services.
  • Financial inclusion: The identification enables easy opening of bank account leading to financial inclusion of rural folks and ease of operations for banks through Banking Correspondent.

B. Administrative:

  • Online cost effective verification of beneficiaries leads to Good Governance (minimum government maximum Governance).
  • Unique and robust platform to check duplication and ghost beneficiaries.
  • Subsidy costs can be hugely reduced by cutting down intermediaries and eliminating ghost cards.

C. Reduction in fake identity:

  • As only one identity card is provided to a person (linked to individual biometric ), there is incentive to be genuine.

Aadhar in Parliament

A. Introduced as a Money Bill:

  • Aadhar was introduced as money bill(Article 110)
  • Due to which Rajya Sabha has no say in it.
  • Aadhar Bill talks about subsidies – withdrawal of money from Consolidated Fund of India;; it also talks about Enrollment, UIDAI, Updation, Validation- thus should have been a Financial Bill (Article 117).

B. When Information may be Revealed:

  • Demographic data can be shared with other Government registered companies.
  • Bio-metric data can be shared only
    • In the interest of national security
    • A court may order




Article by   AZAD





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