• In 2015, the Supreme Court had asked the government to grant citizenship to Chakmas and Hajongs.
Who are they?
• These Chakmas, who are Buddhist, and Hajongs, who are Hindus, were inhabitants of erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangaldesh).
• They had to flee in 1960s due to displacement and religious persecution.
Where were they settled:
• The Indian government had then moved a majority of the refugees to present-day Arunachal Pradesh in 1964-69, who have been staying in there for over 50 years.
What is the problem?
• According to estimates, the numbers of Chakmas and Hajongs have gone up from about 15,000 in 1964-69 to one lakh (though official figures put it at 64,000).
• In East Arunachal, where the refugees reside, the population of each indigenous Arunachal tribe is a few thousand.
• If ChakmasHajongs are given citizenship as permanent residents of Arunachal, the indigenous tribes will be completely outnumbered and become a minority.
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